Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss in the form of coin-like patches. Usually, the hair loss pattern is unpredictable, but quarter-size bald patches are the most common pattern. Most hair loss occurs in small patches, but in extreme cases, it can become worse. In some severe cases, it can lead to complete baldness. Moreover, there are many causes of alopecia areata, but the most common is the immune system’s problems.

It affects a large number of people worldwide, with about 6.8 million people in the US alone. Generally, it affects people younger than 30 years, but it can target anyone regardless of age and gender. Nowadays, doctors use different hair growth techniques to prevent and treat alopecia areata.

This article discusses the most successful treatments for alopecia areata. So, continue reading if you want to learn more about alopecia areata causes and treatments.

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Causes of Alopecia Areata

Since alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, its primary cause is the immune system attacking the body. If a person has alopecia areata, his/her autoimmune system attacks the hair follicles causing patchy hair loss.

Although there are no definite causes of alopecia areata, doctors suspect it’s mainly due to hereditary causes.

People with the following conditions are more prone to getting alopecia areata:

  • Genetics
  • Asthma
  • Down Syndrome
  • Pernicious Anemia
  • Seasonal Allergies
  • Thyroid Disease
  • Vitiligo

Effective Treatment Options for Alopecia

In order to decide on an alopecia areata treatment, the doctor needs to understand the hair loss causes. Only after identifying the exact underlying cause and correctly diagnosing the problem can he/she come up with possible solutions.

Moreover, the choice of treatment depends on various factors. It includes, but is not limited to, the causes of hair loss and the intensity of hair loss.

If the patient has any symptoms of alopecia areata, they should visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Generally, a short consultation session is enough to know the problem.

Alopecia Areata Treatments

After identifying the causes of alopecia areata, the doctor will decide on a treatment. It is essential to know that currently, there is no permanent and standard treatment available for alopecia areata. Moreover, different treatments work for every patient. The doctor decides a suitable treatment based on the following:

  • The type of alopecia areata
  • Patient’s age
  • The extent of hair loss

There are different types of treatments available, such as pills, topical creams, injections, and phototherapies. However, no therapy guarantees permanent results, and chances are the results will disappear once the treatment stops.

So, how does alopecia areata treatment work? Hair growth experts use different hair loss treatments to cure alopecia areata, and some of these include the following.

Topical Minoxidil

This topical treatment is performed with the help of Rogaine (Minoxidil). In this treatment, the doctor recommends patients use 5% topical minoxidil solution on their scalp. For optimum results, patients are advised to use the solution twice a day.

Pros

  •  Easy to use
  • Minimal to no side-effects
  • Can be stopped after hair grows

Cons

  • Not effective in case of excessive hair loss
  • Not useful for completely bald patients

Anthralin Cream

Anthralin topical cream is also used to reduce hair loss and promote growth. It is a synthetic, tar-like substance that is commonly used for treating psoriasis. During the treatment, the patient applies the cream directly to the bald patches on the scalp. After about 30-60 minutes, the cream is washed off. However, in some cases, the cream is left for several hours on the scalp.

Pros

  • Hair starts growing immediately  
  • Complete hair growth becomes noticeable within 8-12 weeks

Cons

  • May cause irritation on the skin
  • Temporary skin discoloration may occur

Topical Corticosteroids

Alopecia areata is frequently treated with the help of topical corticosteroids. These are available in different forms including, solutions, ointments, foams, lotions, creams, etc. They decrease inflammation around hair follicles, and as a result, hair loss stops.

Pros

  • Reduce hair loss
  • Improve hair growth up to 25%
  • Good for treating alopecia areata in children

Cons

  • Limited effectiveness
  • Temporary results

Intralesional Corticosteroid Injections

This is the most effective treatment for alopecia areata. During the treatment, a doctor injects corticosteroids into the bald patches on the scalp. Generally, these injections are repeated after every 4-6 weeks.

Pros

  • Hair growth becomes visible in 4 weeks
  • Temporary side-effects

Cons

  • Slight discomfort when the scalp is injected
  • Tingling occurs when medication is delivered via injection
  • Temporary depression

Topical Immunotherapy

This unique option is suitable for extreme cases of alopecia areata. 

Immunomodulators

In this treatment, some drugs are used to block the immune response that causes alopecia areata.

The above list mentions some treatment options for alopecia areata. However, these are not the only available options. When a patient visits the doctor, he/she can use other methods after checking the level of their hair loss.

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Want to Stop Alopecia Areata Successfully?

In essence, if you are losing hair from some specific areas of the head, you may have alopecia areata. An alopecia areata treatment can reduce hair loss and try to trigger hair growth. Undergoing a safe and effective treatment helps avoid hair thinning and patchy baldness. However, it only works if causes of alopecia areata have been identified.

If you want to get rid of alopecia areata, consult with an expert. He/she will help diagnose the exact cause of hair loss. After diagnosis, he/she will be able to decide on a suitable treatment for the condition. So, schedule an appointment by giving us a call.

Moreover, you can fill the online form, and one of our staff representatives will get in touch with you. During the consultation session, you can ask the doctor any question regarding your condition and its treatment. So, book a FREE consultation session NOW!

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